Sandra Dinny Rebild
Kristine Høj Johnson
When: Dr. Montessori opened the first Casa dei Bambini on the 6th of January 1907. The first article in Denmark about Montessori was written 1911 four years after by Marie Helm who we believe was one of two cousins running the oldest school in Korsør, a small but important town in the south west of Zeeland, important because it was the port to the island of Funnen and Jutland.
Where: By 1950 Montessori had reached it peak and was losing ground but before that it had been spread over the whole of Denmark, schools, colleges, children’s homes and homes for disabled children. In The Secret of Children translated into the Danish by Thora Constantin Hansen in the late 1930s there were advertisements for at least nine Montessori schools for the three to six year olds.
Books and articles: The Danish Montessori Society printed a great deal of articles. Several of Dr. Montessori books were translated and Danish books about the Montessori Method were published. I would like to mention the book by Sigurd Næsgaard from 1924 written about Egelunds School, Egelunds School was a kind of Erdkinder School for children from 3 to 15.
Societies: The first Danish Montessori Society was founded in 1917, ten years after the first Casa was started.
Who: The most important Montessori people in Denmark to begin with were:
Thora Constantin Hansen 1867 – 1954
George Julius Arvin 1880-1962
Sigurd Næsgaard 1883 – 1956
Sofie Rifbjerg 1886 – 1981
And later Ranghild Hoff 1909–1993
Thora Constantin Hansen was the youngest child of nine; her father was a famous Danish painter. She founded the first Danish Montessori Society, Took a Montessori Course in London in 1924 under Dr. Montessori and visited Dr. Montessori in her home. She translated books by Dr. Montessori and gave lectures. She worked all her life for children at risk.
Johannes Rosback: founded Egelundshuset 1943, a home for children at risk properly one of the first Erdkinder schools in the world.
George Julius Arvin: was a School inspector who founded a Montessori school in Frederiksberg together with Thora Constantin Hansen, in 1948 he founded Bernadotteskolen, named after Folke Bernadotte.
Sigurd Næsgaard The brain behind The New Education Fellowship 5th World Congress in Helsingør, Founded the first Danish Montessori Society together with Thora Constantin Hansen, and founds the first Danish Montessori Course in in1928 together with Sofie Rifbjerg and in 1929 writes the first Danish book about psychoanalysis
Sofie Rifbjerg 1886 – 1981. From 1919 to 1920 she attended a Montessori Course in London. In 1925 She was the first woman in Denmark to become Master of Science in Psychology. In 1928 she started a 2-year Montessori Course of which she was the director until 1949.
Ranghild Hoff took a course with Dr. Montessori, maybe in Rome. She had at least three Montessori schools for small children. In 1940? She started Nordisk Montessori Kursus that survived until 1972. Ranghild Hoff helped on the “White Buses” that Folke Bernadotte sent to Germany in the last days of the Second World War to drive prisoners of war back to Scandinavia. Dr. Montessori in Denmark: We know Dr. Montessori was in Denmark twice, once when The New Education Fellowship held its 5th World Congress in Helsingør where the delegates were able to meet in the Knights Hall of the Castle of Kronborg. And Dr. Montessori and her son Mario founded Association Montessori Internationale AMI. The second time we know of was in Copenhagen in 1937 at the Sixth International Montessori Congress, Education and Peace. Did we have any famous Montessori children?
Two children that later became famous in Denmark and went to Montessori schools were Falke Bang and Leif Panduro, Falke Bang went The Montessori school Egelundshuset near Roskilde he is mentioned as knowing all the bird species, writing poetry and drawing beautiful nature drawings at the age of 13, 14, he later became an artist and illustrator. Leif Panduro was a child at risk and was looked after by Thora Constantin Hansen in her “Home School” in Roskilde, which she started in 1922. He later became a writer and playwright.
Montessori Schools In Denmark
Montessori International Preschool (Valby)
Søndermarksvej 13 2500 Valby
Montessori International Preschool Frederiksberg
Maglekildevej 8 1853 Frederiksberg C
Montessori students learn to think critically, work collaboratively, and act boldly. This is a skill set that is beneficial in the 21st century!
The Montessori philosophy is based on a profound respect for each child as a unique human being. Our approach assumes that children are born intelligent, curious, creative and are ripe to develop a sense of wonder and imagination. The goal is not to control, but to inspire our children to learn voluntarily. In its essence, Montessori is designed to teach children to think deeply, to think for themselves and to think about others. We believe that learning how to think for oneself (in effect, learning how to learn) will get a child through both school and life.
Maria Montessori believed that children are natural learners and little teachers. Children work for the joy of the process rather than for the end result, and children are excited and energized through work. A child may repeat activities over and over until an inner need is fulfilled.
ABOUT MARIA MONTESSORI
Maria Montessori, born 1870 in Italy, was one the most influential educators in the 20th century. She was the first woman Medical Doctor in Italy and was one of the great pioneers in the study of child development. Upon graduation from Rome University Medical School in 1896, she worked with mentally deficient children, which reflected not only compassion, but also a rigorous scientific ability. She became a lecturer at Rome University and set down the foundation of scientific pedagogy in Italy.
In 1907, Dr. Montessori began her innovative approach with a group of children in the slum area of San Lorenzo in Rome. Within a year, her accomplishments with these children earned worldwide acclaim and became a landmark in the education of young children. What ultimately became the Montessori method of education developed there, based upon Montessori’s scientific observations of these children’s almost effortless ability to absorb knowledge from their surroundings, as well as their tireless interest in manipulating materials. Every piece of equipment, every exercise, and the method that Montessori developed was based on what she observed children to do “naturally,” by themselves, unassisted by adults.Maria Montessori teaching child
She wrote many books on the various aspects of her theory and practice, and formulated her approach for elementary children in 1917 in the work The Advanced Montessori Method. While in India (1939 to 1945) Dr. Montessori studied the child in its early years. Her unique ability to observe children and gain insight into their development led her to design the education method which is known throughout the world as Montessori education.
Children teach themselves. This simple but profound truth inspired Montessori’s lifelong pursuit of educational reform, methodology, psychology, teaching, and teacher training—all based on her dedication to furthering the self-creating process of the child. Today, over 100 years later, her schools continue to thrive and expand, a tribute to her inspirational insight, which has helped change the course of childhood education.